Peace negotiations in Southern Libya
The FPS Foreign Affairs supports initiatives which promote peaceful co-existence. Among other places, in Iraq.
Despite a political agreement in 2015, the situation in Libya remains extremely unstable. The international community has made substantial efforts to achieve peace, but these are mainly focused on the north of the country. However, Southern Libya is crucial for overall stability. It is a gateway for migration and human and weapons trafficking. Moreover, two important tribes - the Toubou and Sway - are in regular conflict with each other in this region. The roots of these conflicts go back to the 18th century. They are centred around social recognition and the distribution of resources and power.
Southern Libya is crucial for overall stability. It is a gateway for migration and human and weapons trafficking.
With Belgian support, the European Institute of Peace (EIP), an independent partner of the EU, wants to initiate mediation between the two tribes. The objective: to end violence and show them how to tackle future tensions in a non-violent manner. Not only tribal leaders, but also women's associations, minorities and youth and business associations will be consulted. If desired, the EIP will also involve influential people from the neighbouring countries of Niger, Mali, Egypt, Sudan and Chad in the peace process.
By involving the local communities in the South in the peace process, the chances of a lasting peace throughout the country can be improved.